Critical Assessment of Geostrategic Infiltration in UN Peacekeeping Operations Deployed in Intra-State Armed Conflicts in Africa: The Case of ONUC in DRC in 1960

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Menge Etamba Gilbert


This study focuses on the deployments of UN peacekeeping operations within intra-state armed conflicts in Africa. The statement of the problem and objective of the study is to demonstrate amidst the significant roles that UN peacekeeping operations deployed within intra-state armed conflicts in Africa have played and are still playing, nonetheless growing geostrategic infiltration from hegemonic states as well as other member states from where troops are drawn from to constitute different operations to mitigate the armed conflicts. This is very important for the successful consolidation of the mandates of different UN peacekeeping operations deployed within intra-state armed conflicts in Africa. The study incorporated both primary and secondary sources of data. The qualitative descriptive analysis and its instruments are the research method that fits the study. The results of the findings were parallel to the problem statement and objective, which proved that geostrategic infiltration aimed at guaranteeing the interests of hegemonic and other member states of the UN that are proved apparent. The study's conclusion and recommendations were proffered to mitigating geostrategic infiltration in UN peacekeeping deployments faced with intra-state armed conflicts in Africa after an in-depth analysis of the case study under review in this study. That is, the United Nations Operations in the Congo deployed in view of the intra-state armed conflict that hit Congo in 1960, where the end of that mission was a debacle. A debacle explained largely by geostrategic infiltration. The Security Council is making every effort to mitigate the numerous challenges that have been and are still impeding the UN peacekeeping operations from successfully consolidating their mandates in different intra-state armed conflicts in Africa where they have been deployed. This study seeks to draw the attention of the international community to a veritable challenge that has become a pertinent stake (geostrategic infiltration), impeding the successful consolidation of the different UN peacekeeping mandates deployed within intra-state armed conflicts in Africa.


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Menge Etamba Gilbert. (2023). Critical Assessment of Geostrategic Infiltration in UN Peacekeeping Operations Deployed in Intra-State Armed Conflicts in Africa: The Case of ONUC in DRC in 1960. PanAfrican Journal of Governance and Development (PJGD), 4(2), 69-92.
Research-based/ Original Articles
Author Biography

Menge Etamba Gilbert, University of Yaounde II, Cameroon

Dr. Menge Etamba Gilbert (Ph.D.) in Political Science under the option International Relations and Strategic Studies, defended in 2022 at the University of Yaounde II (Cameroon). He has been a part-time Lecturer and researcher in a couple of professional private Universities in the city of Yaounde since 2015. He intervenes in specialties like Humanitarian Action; Conflict, Peace, and International Relations; Foreign Policy; Gender, Migration, and Refugee Studies; and Decentralization and Local Government Management. Research and the dissemination of lectures are strength zones that govern and fire his passion. Through devotedness, he was enlisted as the best Lecturer in 2018 in one of the private Universities where he lectured. He was also appointed to the post of HOD in the Department of International and Development Studies at another Private University in 2020. Additionally, he is a staunch proponent of a pacific diplomatic medium for managing and resolving both micro and macro-scale hostilities.


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