Parents’ Perception Towards Ending Girls’ Early Marriage in Uyui District, Tabora, Tanzania

Main Article Content

Angela Mcharo Jesse


Early marriage is a global problem facing most countries, including Tanzania and other developing countries. The government and other organizations, including Civil Society Organizations (SCOs), have made different efforts to end early marriages in different regions in the country. Despite the efforts made, the problem persists in some of the regions in Tanzania, including Tabora, where the study was conducted. The theory of change developed by Girls Not Brides was used to show the importance of parents in ending early marriage. Thus, parents were the unit of analysis. The study employed a qualitative approach with little support of quantitative data where descriptive statistics were obtained. The study found that most respondents (74%) were not aware of marriage laws. The study also found that parents’ perception in ending girls’ early marriage was related to cultural upholding (norms and values) where the fornication and giving birth at the parents’ homes were prohibited. Another finding was that girls were taken as a way of solving economic problems in the study area. The study recommends that the community be given awareness and appropriate education on the impact of girls’ early marriage on their physical and psychological condition. The community should also be trained on intrapreneurial activities to improve their economic status. It will enable them to take care of their families and stop using their daughters as assets. The marriage laws should also be mainstreamed to all levels of the government and the communities to ensure that all people know them.


Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

How to Cite
Angela Mcharo Jesse. (2022). Parents’ Perception Towards Ending Girls’ Early Marriage in Uyui District, Tabora, Tanzania. PanAfrican Journal of Governance and Development (PJGD), 3(1), 113-134.
Author Biography

Angela Mcharo Jesse, Ardhi University Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Angela Mcharo Jesse earned her Ph.D. from the Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania with a specialization in Development Studies. She is currently serving as a Lecturer at the Department of Economics and Social Studies, Schools of Spatial Planning and Social Science, Ardhi University, Tanzania. Her areas of research interests are corporate governance with a special focus on social service delivery and development; gender mainstreaming and community participation on development matters; conflict resolutions; community engagement in the development process; community health as well as social and public policies (formulation and analysis). 


Abdul, M., Arief, F., Saputra, M. H. & Nurmiyati, A. (2018) Analysis of Causes and Impacts of Early Marriage. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 9 (8): 1495-1499. Retrieved from
Agege, E.A., Nwose, E. & Odjimogho, S. (2018). Parents’ perception on factors of early marriage among the Urhobos in Delta State of Nigeria. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health, 5(2):411-415 DOI:
Ame, K.R. (2013). Overcoming the Curse of Early Marriage in Bangladesh. Asian Journal for Women studies, 19(4):150-163 retrieved from
Amzat, J. (2020). Faith Effect and Voice on Early Marriage in a Nigerian State. SAGE Journal Author gateway, retrieved from
Atim, G. (2017). Girls not brides: ending child marriage in Nigeria. Journal of Gender, Information and Development in Africa (JGIDA), 6: 1-2 retrieved from
Baatsen, P., Josaphat, P., Issa, R., Buwalda, A & Juanola, L. (2018). Situation of teenage pregnancy and child marriage among in-school and out-of-school youth in Nampula and Rapale, Mozambique, 2017 study. Retrieved from
Berger, L.M & Font, S.A. (2015). The Role of the Family and Family-Centered Programs and Policies. Social and Emotional Learning, 25(1): 155-176 retrieved from
Biswas, S.C., Karim, S. & Rashid, S.F. (2020). Should we care: a qualitative exploration of the factors that influence the decision of early Marriage among young men in urban slums of Bangladesh. BMJ Open, 10(10): doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-039195
Bhandari, P. (2020). An introduction to qualitative research. Retrieved from
Children’s Dignity Forum/FORWARD (2009). Peer Research Report on Child Marriage in Tarime District, Mara Region, Tanzania. Retrieved from
Children’s Dignity Forum/FORWARD (2014). Voices of Child Brides and Child Mothers in Tanzania: A PEER Report on Child Marriage. Retrieved from
Depersio, G. (2018). Using Simple Random Sample to Study Larger Populations. Retrieved from
Duraku, Z.H, Gashi, J.L & Toci, E. (2020). Perceptions of Early Marriage, Educational Aspirations, and Career Goals among Kosovar Adolescents. Marriage and Family Review, 56(6): 513-534 retrieved from
Faqua, J.S & Rogol, A.D. (2013). Puberty: Its role in adolescent maturation. Handbook of Adolescent Health Psychology, Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013. DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-6633-8_18
Etikan, I., Musa, S.A.& Alkassim, R.S. (2016). Comparison of Convenience Sampling and Purposive Sampling. American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics, 5(1):1- 4. doi: 10.11648/j.ajtas.20160501.11
Girls Not Bride (2021). A Theory of Change on Marriage. Retrieved from
Goli, S., Rammohan, A. & Singh, D. (2015). The Effect of Early Marriages and Early Child bearing on Women’s Nutritional Status in India. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 19(8): DOI:10.1007/s10995-015-1700-7
Hidayana, I.M., Noor, I.R., Benedicta, G.D., Prahara, H.,Zahro, F.A., Kartikawati, R., Hana, F., Pebriansyah, S. & Kok, M.C. (2016). Factors Influencing Child Marriage, Teenage Pregnancy and Female Genital Mutilation/Circumcision in Lombok Barat and Sukabumi Districts, Indonesia. Retrieved from
Human Rights Watch (2014). No Way Out, Child Marriage and Human Rights Abuses in Tanzania, 2014. Retrieved from
Javed, R & Mughad, M. (2020). Girls not brides: Evolution of child marriage in Pakistan. An international Journal of Public Affairs, 21(3):
Jones, N., Tefera, B. Presler-Marshall, E., Gupta, T., Emirie, G., Gebre, B & Berhanu., K. (2015). The role of community awareness interventions in ending child marriage in Amhara, Ethiopia. Retrieved from
Jones., N., Tefera, B., Stephenson, J., Gupta, T., Pereznieto, P., Emire,G., Gebre, B & Gezhegne, K. (2014). Early Marriage and education: the complex role of social norms in shaping Ethiopian adolescent girls' lives. Retrieved from
Jouhki, J & Stark, L. (2017). Causes and Motives of Early Marriage in The Gambia and Tanzania Is New Legislation Enough? Poverty and Development Working Papers. Retrieved from
Levine, D. (2014). Even You Can Learn Statistics and Analytics: An Easy to Understand Guide to Statistics and Analytics 3rd Edition. Pearson FT Press. Retrieved from
Livesey, C. (2010). Crime and Deviance, Functionalist Theories. Retrieved from
Mahato, S.K. (2016). Causes and Consequences of Child Marriage: A Perspective. International Journal Of Scientific & Engineering Research, 7(7): 698-702 DOI:10.14299/ijser.2016.07.002
Malhotra, A. (2010). The Causes, Consequences and Solutions to Forced Child Marriage in the Developing World. International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). Retrieved from
Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children (2017). National Survey on the Drivers and Consequences of Child Marriage in Tanzania, retrieved from
Opdenakker, R. (2006). Advantages and Disadvantages of Four Interview Techniques in Qualitative Research [Electronic Journal] Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung, 7(4): retrieved from
Palmer, C. & Bolderston, A. (2006). A Brief Introduction to Qualitative Research. March 2006. The Canadian journal of medical radiation technology / CAMRT, 37(1):16-19 DOI:10.1016/S0820-5930(09)60112-2
Plan International (2021). Child marriage. Retrieved from
Pope, W. (2016). Durkheim as a Functionalist. Published online, 361-379
Schaffnit, S.B., Urassa, M. & Lawson, D.W. (2019). "Child marriage" in context: exploring local attitudes towards early Marriage in rural Tanzania. Journal of Sexual and Reproductive Matters,27(1):93-105
Schlecht, J., Rowley, E & Babirye, J. (2013). Early relationships and marriage in conflict and post-conflict settings: vulnerability of youth in Uganda. Reproductive Health Matters, 21(41): 234-242
Setia, M. S. (2016). Methodology Series Module 3: Cross-sectional Studies. Indian Journal of Dermatology,y 61(3): 261-264. DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.182410
Sharma, G. (2017). Pros and cons of different sampling techniques. International Journal of Applied Research 2017, 3(7): 749-752 retrieved from
Stark, L. (2017). Early marriage and cultural constructions of adulthood in two slums in Dar es Salaam. An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care, 20(8):
Susilo, S., Istiawati, N. F., Aliman, M., & Alghani, M. Z. (2021). Investigation of Early Marriage: A Phenomenology Study in the Society of Bawean Island, Indonesia. Journal of Population and Social Studies [JPSS], 29(2021): 544 - 562. Retrieved from
Svanemyr, J., Chandra-Mouli,V., Christiansen, C.S & Mbizvo, M. (2012). Preventing child marriages: first international day of the girl child “my life, my right, end child marriage” Journal of reproductive health, 9(31):1-3 doi:10.1186/1742-4755-9-31
United Nations (2014). Child Marriage Fact Sheet. Retrieved from
URT. (1998). Tabora Region Social Economic Profile. The Planning Commission, Dar es Salaam and Regional Commissioner’s office, Tabora. Retrieved from
URT. (2015). 2016/17 – 2020/21 Strategic Plan, Tabora Municipal Council. Retrieved from
URT. (2008). Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, Child Development Policy, 2008. Retrieved from
URT. (2016). Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children, Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey and Malaria Indicator Survey 2015-2016. Retrieved from
USAID, (2012). Ending Child Marriage & Meeting the Needs of Married Children: The USAID Vision For Action. Retrieved from
Wilda, S. (2020). The Role of Local Government on the Prevention of Early Marriage in Sidenreng Rappang Regency South Sulawesi Province (Case Study at the Office of Community, Village, Women Empowerment and Child Protection). International Journal of Kybernology, 5(2): DOI:
WHO (2011). Early marriages, adolescent and young pregnancies. Retrieved from;jsessionid=75EB025E4DC1FB6337EED04C87075C71?sequence=1
WHO (2013). Child marriages: 39 000 every day. Retrieved from
Yüksel-Kaptanoglu, I & Ergöçmen, I.B. (2014). Early Marriage: Trends in Turkey, 1978-2008. Journal of Family Issues, 35(12): 1707 –1724 DOI: 10.1177/0192513X14538025