Professionalizing Public Administration and the Impact of Performance Audit on Public Organizations in Tanzania

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Ramadhani Marijani
Prof D B (Vain) Jarbandhan


This article examines the impact of performance audits on public organizations in Tanzania using the Tanzania Public Service College as a case study. The study subscribes to an interpretive research paradigm, which allowed for adopting a qualitative approach to understand participants' perceptions thoroughly. Documentary findings from audit reports between 2010-2017 have collaborated with 32 interviews from the respondents who participated in the auditing process over the study period. The study findings are linked to the independent factors identified in the literature on the quality of the information in audit reports and the impact of audit investigations. The article concludes that the impact of performance audits depends on whether auditees agree with recommendations. Notably, the article argues that fundamental changes can be realized in the presence of strong internal control systems. The role of collaboration and trust, parliament, media, and auditors’ expertise in ensuring the impact of performance audits were also highlighted. Finally, theoretical and practical recommendations are drawn, and study limitations and areas for future research are highlighted.


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Ramadhani Marijani, & Prof D B (Vain) Jarbandhan. (2022). Professionalizing Public Administration and the Impact of Performance Audit on Public Organizations in Tanzania. PanAfrican Journal of Governance and Development (PJGD), 3(2), 85-112.
Research-based/ Original Articles
Author Biographies

Ramadhani Marijani, University of Dodoma, Tanzania

Dr. Ramadhani Marijani is a Lecturer and Researcher at the Department of Political Science and Public Administration, University of Dodoma (UDOM), Tanzania. His research and teaching interests stand at the nexus of Public Administration, Public Management and Public Policy. He has developed five lines of research that address these overreaching goals: 1) Public Governance, 2) Public Administration Theory, 3) Public Administration and Management Practices and, 4) Teaching Public Administration and Management, and 5) Behavioral Public Administration. Currently he is leading a team of researchers in developing African Corruption Measurement Tool and Methodology for African Union Advisory Board Against Corruption.

Prof D B (Vain) Jarbandhan , University of Johannesburg, South Africa

Prof D B (Vain) Jarbandhan is an Associate Professor and Director: at the Centre for Public Management and Governance, College of Business and Economics, University of Johannesburg, South Africa. His academic interests focus on, inter alia, public sector human resource management, future-fit leadership and development and climate governance. He has supervised doctoral, master's and honors students to completion. He collaborates with academic staff internationally in the discipline of Public Management and Governance and has formed numerous international partnerships to promote the discipline. He currently serves on the expert panel of Innovating Governance, an international NGO, based in Vienna, Austria.


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