Stability and Hopf Bifurcation Analysis of Maxwell-Bloch Equations

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Magarsa Jeldo
Chernet Tuge Deressa
Dinka Tilahun


Stability theory plays a central role in system engineering, especially in the field of control systems and automation with regard to both dynamics and control. In this paper, stability and Hopf bifurcation analysis of Maxwell-Bloch equations were considered. By the aid of divergence test, it was proved that the system is dissipative. Steady state points of the equations were determined. The equations were linearized using Jacobian matrix about each equilibrium points. The local stability condition of each critical point was proved by using Routh- Huwertiz stability criteria. By the aid of Lyapunov theorem, equilibrium point one was proved to be globally asymptotically stable with some specific condition on pumping energy parameter. Furthermore, the result of Hopf bifurcation revealed that the system doesn’t undergo Hopf bifurcation at equilibrium point one by any choice of pumping energy parameter and with some specific conditions the system undergoes Hopf bifurcation about the two remaining equilibrium points for a certain value of pumping energy parameter. Finally, in order to verify the applicability of the result two supportive examples were solved and MATLAB simulation was implemented to support the findings of the study.

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How to Cite
Magarsa Jeldo, Deressa, C. T., & Dinka Tilahun. (2022). Stability and Hopf Bifurcation Analysis of Maxwell-Bloch Equations. Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences, 17(2), 59-78. Retrieved from