Language is a code that enables individuals or groups to gain knowledge and experience, to express their ideas,feelings and needs and to communicate with each other. To communicate and exchange information
effectively, people require shared language system which enables them to establish the relationship, interact
with each other and attain social development. Speakers or discussants that use the Amharic language are
commonly observed switching to English words, phrases or clauses while making speeches in mass
communication contexts without considering the linguistic background of their respective interlocutors. The
main objective of this research was to investigate the causes, perception and impacts of code switching among
Amharic language users. To this effect, data were collected from respondents through interviews and
questionnaires and were analyzed and interpreted qualitatively and quantitatively. The overall results of the
study indicate the presence of problems in achieving effective communication, for people were found to use
Amharic-English code switching for different purposes. Such practices of language use were perceived to distort meanings, and impede smooth communication and erode cultural values gradually. To overcome these
problems, concerned training institutions should give language-related trainings to trainees and raise their
awareness of the problem associated with code switching in monolingual contexts. Furthermore, educated
people should consider the linguistic background of their audience, situations and topic when making public
speech and use appropriate language accordingly.
Key words: /Bilingual /Code switching/Communication/Language system /Meaning/ /Monolingual/

URN: http://nbn-resolving.usurn:nbn:de:0000ejssls.v7i1

Published: 2020-06-30