Traditional Hunting Associated Oral Literature and its Environmental Impacts in Southwestern Ethiopia

Main Article Content

Mulu Getachew Mengistu
Lemma Nigatu Tarekegn


The main objective of this study was to investigate traditional hunting associated with oral literature and its
environmental impacts in four selected districts of southwestern Ethiopia. The study used a cross-sectional
descriptive survey research design. For this reason, key informant interviews, FGD, and questionnaire were
used to collect the data. Quota, purposive, and snowball sampling techniques were used to select 129
participants to fill up the questionnaire, 24 interviewees, and 23 FGD participants respectively. Data analysis
techniques included thematic analysis, content analysis, and simple descriptive statistics like frequencies and
percentages. The results of the study showed that the social honors given to hunters on the one hand and
undermining of the non-hunters on the other were found to be major causes of traditional hunting. The
communities have been using various poems to praise hunters but to humiliate the non-hunters that both
reinforce the continuity of traditional hunting. This continuity of traditional hunting definitely leads to a decline
in the absolute number of wild animals (maybe to the extent of local extinction), migration to neighboring
countries, and prey-predator imbalances. Hence, to align this deep-rooted cultural practice with environmental
conservation, continuous orientation, and teaching of the local community on the communities‟ long-standing
indigenous system of environmental and ecosystem stewardship should be promoted.

Article Details

How to Cite
Getachew , M., & Nigatu Tarekegn, L. (2022). Traditional Hunting Associated Oral Literature and its Environmental Impacts in Southwestern Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Social Sciences and Language Studies (EJSSLS), 9(2), 57-71. Retrieved from
Author Biographies

Mulu Getachew Mengistu, Jimma University

Department of Geography and Environmental
Studies, Jimma University, Ethiopia

Lemma Nigatu Tarekegn, Jimma University

Department of Ethiopian Languages &
Literature –Amharic, Jimma University