The Ethiopian Journal of Social Sciences and Language Studies (EJSSLS) is an open access peer-reviewed journal (available online and in print version) published twice a year (June and December). The journal accepts research papers from the diverse fields of social sciences and language studies and allied disciplines. The contributions can be made in the form of original research, review articles, book reviews and letters to editor.

ISSN (Print): 2412-5180

ISSN (Electronics): 2408-9532

ISBN 978-99944-70-78-5

Vol 8 No 2 (2021): Instructors’ Perception towards Proficiency and Interaction in English Language and the Challenges they face: Some Selected Ethiopian Universities in Focus


The objective of this study was to examine instructors’ perceived proficiency, interaction in the English language,
and the challenges they face in using the English language as a medium of instruction. The study used a
descriptive survey design and a mixed study approach. It took place in six Ethiopian universities. The sample size for the survey study is 295 instructors and 24 (18 deans and 6 department heads) for the qualitative study, and they were from the 2018/19 academic years. A questionnaire, semi-structured interview, and classroom
observation were used as research tools. T-tests and ANOVA were employed while Chi-square tests were used
to test dependence between language choices as an instructional medium. Instead of analyzing
independently, the qualitative data were used to supplement or explain the quantitative finding. The results
indicated that instructors perceived that they were proficient in the Basic English language to a high or very
high level. To the same extent, university instructors were aware that using English as a medium of instruction
in college classrooms was effective. Moreover, significant majorities of instructors choose either English or
English and Amharic to be the media of instruction. While qualification differences affected instructors’ English
proficiency, gender differences did not. The widely accepted truth in this regard is that English triggers some
problems not being the native language of the learners. The paper finally recommends some directions to cope
with the challenges.
Keywords: /Challenges of English Language/Ethnic languages/Medium of instruction/Mother tongue/Multicultural context/

Published: 2021-12-29

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Our mission

The vision of EJSSLS is to publish and disseminate high quality research studies (both online and in print) from various social sciences and language studies and related disciplines, providing free access to research information online without financial, legal or technical barriers.
Journal Policy

Open Access Policy

Publications are freely available immediately after publication.

Vision and mission

The vision of EJSSLS is to become one of the most preferred magazines in Africa with the mission of spreading the quality publication to a wider audience.
Content Policy

Publication policies are subject to protection and strengthening aimed at the integrity and quality of the magazine and its interest in the reader. All articles were prepared based on the importance of the magazine, its innovations and the usefulness of the magazine reader. Decisions about the writings are not affected by the author's origin, gender, religion, ethnicity, nationality, race or political beliefs. No other government policy or agency can decide. The decisions made are strictly based on the validity of the articles and their importance for scientific readers.