The Ethiopian Journal of Social Sciences and Language Studies (EJSSLS) is an open access peer-reviewed journal (available online and in print version) published twice a year (June and December). The journal accepts research papers from the diverse fields of social sciences and language studies and allied disciplines. The contributions can be made in the form of original research, review articles, book reviews and letters to editor.

ISSN (Print): 2412-5180

ISSN (Electronics): 2408-9532

ISBN 978-99944-70-78-5

Vol 8 No 1 (2021): Impact of Land Use and Land Cover Changes on Rural Livelihoods: The Case of Majang zone, Gambella Region, Ethiopia

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the impact of land use-land cover changes on the livelihoods of the rural communities in the Majang zone, Ethiopia. The study has examined land use-land cover (LULC) changes for four consecutive study periods using Landsat imageries and GIS applications. The result of LULC changes shows that between the years 1985 and 2018, forest lands, shrub/grasslands, and water bodies declined by 49.7%, 80%, and 42.3%, while agricultural lands and settlement areas increased by 100.6%, and 413%, respectively. By employing a sustainable rural livelihood approach, the study also assessed the livelihood status of the farmer households. Thus, livelihoods were assessed through the selected livelihood indicators of each livlelihood asset derived from the data gathered through household surveys, key informant interviews, focus group discussions, and field observations. The livelihood asset index result indicated a significant difference at P<0.05 within the groups in all livelihood asset indexes except human assets. Moreover, the finding confirmed that the highest livelihood index was obtained for the physical (0.71) and financial assets (0.50). Furthermore, finical and natural assets were identified as the main determinant factors in the livelihood of rural farm households. So, our findings suggest that a judicious combination of interventions will be helpful if they are accompanied by government policies that enhance rural livelihood assets. Although the livelihood asset index has been in progress, the provision of access to human and social infrastructure as well as microfinance institutions should also be emphasized to improve the livelihoods of the rural communities .

 

Keywords: /Livelihood Assets/LULC Change/Majang/Ethiopia/

Published: 2021-06-30

View All Issues

Our mission

The vision of EJSSLS is to publish and disseminate high quality research studies (both online and in print) from various social sciences and language studies and related disciplines, providing free access to research information online without financial, legal or technical barriers.
Journal Policy

Open Access Policy

Publications are freely available immediately after publication.

Vision and mission

The vision of EJSSLS is to become one of the most preferred magazines in Africa with the mission of spreading the quality publication to a wider audience.
Content Policy

Publication policies are subject to protection and strengthening aimed at the integrity and quality of the magazine and its interest in the reader. All articles were prepared based on the importance of the magazine, its innovations and the usefulness of the magazine reader. Decisions about the writings are not affected by the author's origin, gender, religion, ethnicity, nationality, race or political beliefs. No other government policy or agency can decide. The decisions made are strictly based on the validity of the articles and their importance for scientific readers.