The Ethiopian Journal of Social Sciences and Language Studies (EJSSLS) is an open access peer-reviewed journal (available online and in print version) published twice a year (June and December). The journal accepts research papers from the diverse fields of social sciences and language studies and allied disciplines. The contributions can be made in the form of original research, review articles, book reviews and letters to editor.

ISSN (Print): 2412-5180

ISSN (Electronics): 2408-9532

ISBN 978-99944-70-78-5

Vol 8 No 2 (2021): Segregating the Living and the Dead: The Case of the Dawro in Ethiopia

Abstract
This article deals with social segregation among the Dawro in southern Ethiopia with a special focus on
the Degellaa (tanners). The Dawro has five major hierarchical social categories, namely: the Maallaa
(higher stratum), the Wogac-c-iya (blacksmith), the Degellaa (tanners), the Manaa (potters), and the
Manja (hunter-gatherers). The Dege.llaa are segregated in their interactions with the dominant group as
well as the remaining minority groups of the society. The article aims to discuss the nature of this social
segregation and its changes across time in the Dawro. Primary data were collected from the field via
observation, FGDs, interviews, and case studies. The data were transcribed and translated and were
thematically classified before the final write-up. The findings show that the Degellaa are segregated from
access to land, social networking, local and religious institutions, burial sites, marriage relations, and
sharing food and drink, among others. The Maallaa consider the Degellaa a pollutant and rituallyimpure. There is a hereditary principle of specialization, rigid hierarchy, and repulsion in society. In
terms of theoretical debate, the social stratification and the consequent social exclusion among the Dawro
are exceptionally similar to the caste system. Finally, it is recommended that policymakers design a
policy framework to end social segregation. Both enabling policy frameworks and social, political, and
economic transformations are important to end such solidified social segregation.
Key words: /Dawro/Degellaa/Maallaa/Social hierarchy/Segregation/

Published: 2021-12-29

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Our mission

The vision of EJSSLS is to publish and disseminate high quality research studies (both online and in print) from various social sciences and language studies and related disciplines, providing free access to research information online without financial, legal or technical barriers.
Journal Policy

Open Access Policy

Publications are freely available immediately after publication.

Vision and mission

The vision of EJSSLS is to become one of the most preferred magazines in Africa with the mission of spreading the quality publication to a wider audience.
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Publication policies are subject to protection and strengthening aimed at the integrity and quality of the magazine and its interest in the reader. All articles were prepared based on the importance of the magazine, its innovations and the usefulness of the magazine reader. Decisions about the writings are not affected by the author's origin, gender, religion, ethnicity, nationality, race or political beliefs. No other government policy or agency can decide. The decisions made are strictly based on the validity of the articles and their importance for scientific readers.