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BACKGROUND: Professional commitment is beyond acommitment for a particular organization and implies theindividuals’ perspective towards their profession and themotivation that they have to stay in their job with willingness tostrive and uphold the values and goals of the profession. InEthiopia, uptake of institutional delivery services is low. However,the level and factors associated with professional commitment isnot known so far. Hence, our objective is to assess the level andfactors associated with commitment of health professionalsproviding institutional delivery services in public health facilities ofJimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia.METHODS: A facility-based cross-sectional study design wasconducted from March 01-20, 2016. A total of 442 eligible healthprofessionals were included from randomly selected 7 districts and47 respective health facilities. Health professionals were requestedto fill self-administered questionnaire. After checking itscompleteness, the data was entered into EPI data version 3.1 andexported to SPSS version 20 for statistical analysis. Factor analysiswas conducted. Simple and multiple linear regression were doneusing 95%CI and significance was declared at P<0.05. Allassumptions of linear regression and principal component analysiswere checked.RESULTS: The percentage mean score of professionalcommitment was 72.71% (SD21.88). The percentage mean scorefor perceived maternal health goal scale was 68.37% with the totalvariance explained being 69.68%. Perceived staff interaction,work-life balance, affective organizational commitment, normativeorganizational commitment, personal characteristics and perceivedmaternal health goal were independent predictors of professionalcommitment.CONCLUSION: The percentages mean score of professionalcommitment was medium. Hence, Health professionals shouldfoster their level of professional commitment to increase uptake ofinstitutional delivery services.