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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses) for scientific names; and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

General:  The Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences publishes Original, Review articles and Short communication. Authors should strictly adhere to the format provided below when organizing their manuscrpit for submission. Good language use, referencing styles (both in-text citation and reference listing), proper use of punctualtions and all other editorial issues should be strictly respected. 

Manuscripts for Original Articles should follow the format: Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Result, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgment, References. Do not number the headings; instead use bold fonts for the headings. Note: under special cases when it is not possible to treat result and discussion sections separately, it is possible to combine the two section as "Result and Discussion".

Title page: Title, author(s) name(s),  affiliation(s) [Instituion name, Address, Authors email addresses]

Abstract: Max. 250 words; comprising all major sections of a typical manuscript.

Introduction: brief review of pertinent information with defined purpose of the study, i.e. a concise background and lietrature review of the study that clealry justifies the problem of the study and defines objectives the research. 

Materials and Methods: Basic methods followed  in conducting survey or exprerimental research (e.g. study site, sample or data collection, sample analysis, data analysis and statistical tools, ethical issues, etc. as appropriate to the specific research)

Results: Should present the major findings of the study in text, tables, figures of only important observations; not more than seven tables and figures.

Discussion: It elaborates important aspects of the study relating it to other relevant studies and the implications.

Conclusion: summarizes the conclusion based on the major findings followed by recommendation (if any).

Acknowledgment: Must be brief and short

References: Referred or quoted materials must be acknowledged, plagiarism is illegal and unethical. Direct quotation should be exact and as short as possible. The style of the referencing must be alphabetical order (i.e. APA style). For journal articles: Authors last names followed by year of publication, title, journal  name, volume number, issue (if any) and page.  For Standard books: Authors last names followed by year of publication, title of the book, publisher, edition number (if any), place published (city or country). For Book chapters: Authors last names followed by year of publication, title of the chapter, In: editors last names (eds.), title of the book (page range of the chpater in the book), publisher, edition number (if any), place published (city or country). Some examples are as follows:

Journal Articles

Zeleke, D. (1997). Trainee Evaluations on Major area course offerings. The Ethiopian Journal of Education, 17 (2): 42-62.

Standard Books:

Lampert, W and Sommer, U. (2007). Limnoecology: The ecology of lakes and rivers.  Oxford University Press Inc., New York

Book chapters

Hemingway, E. (1999). The killers. In: Updike, J. and Kenison, K. (Eds.). The best American short stories of the century (pp.78-80). Houghton Mifflin, Boston.

Tables and Figures should be placed in their appropriate places with appropriate heading and legend arranged according to their sequential appearance indicated by Arabic numerals (such as 1, 2,3,4, etc.) not by Roman numerlas (I, II, III, IV, etc.). 

Manuscripts for Review Articles  should follow the format: Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Body (i.e.breakdown of the review into major topics and subtopics), Conclusion, Acknowledgment, References. Please note that you do not write the term "Body" as a heading. Rather it is a part where you bring the various topics and subtopics of your review into play.

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